Content Summary for The Electrical Safety Infographic
- The fourth leading cause of home fires are lighting and home electrical distribution systems
- Electrical failure or malfunction is blamed for 50,900 fires resulting in 490 deaths and 1,440 injuries each year.
- According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, extension cords cause an estimated 3,300 residential fires which kill 50 people and injure an additional 27 people each year.
-The CPSC estimates that electrical extension cord injuries cause about 4,000 hospital emergency room visits with about 13% involving children under the age of 5 each year.
-Over 30,000 non-fatal shock accidents and 60 consumer products electrocutions occur each year
-The top product categories associated with electrocutions are small appliances, power tools and lighting equipment.
Injuries and Symptoms of Electric Shock:
A burn is the most common injury caused by an electric shock but other injuries can include
Muscle pain and contractions
Vision, hearing, or speech problems
An electrical accident can also cause clothing to ignite therefore causing flame burns as well.
Severe electrical burns can cause more damage to a person than can be seen by the naked eye.
- Outdoor electrical work should always be done by a qualified electrician
- Use extension cords and other electrical products made for outside use and have the label of an independent testing laboratory
- Make sure the amperage rating of the extension cord matches that of the outdoor electrical product.
- All outdoor circuits should have ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs) to prevent electrical shock
- Inspect all extension cords and electrical products to make sure they are not damaged and replace damaged ones right away
- Make sure all outdoor lighting or electrical products are firmly secured but not in a way that damages the electrical insulation
- Extension cords should not be pinched by heavy furniture, windows or doors which can damage the insulation
- Keep all electrical products and extension cords clear of standing water, snow or flammable items
- Do not overload electrical outlets with too many devices as they can cause a fire from overheating
- Before replacing any part of an outdoor electrical item, make sure that it is unplugged.
- Do not leave electrical items on when not home or when sleeping
- Store electrical tools indoor and keep them away from children
- Keep in mind that extension cords are not meant for long-term use
- If an electrical products or extension cord has a three-prong plug, use it only in a three slot outlet or cord. Never remove a prong or force a connection to fit a two-slot outlet
- When an extension cord in use is hot, unplug it as it may be a sign of overheating.
- When disconnecting, pull the plug not the cord itself
- Be careful when assisting a victim of an electric shock in order to prevent a second electrical shock
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