Content Summary for Trucking Infographic
About 1 in 10 highway deaths occurs in a crash involving a large truck. Who dies in crashes involving large trucks?
In 2013, 3,602 people died in crashes involving large trucks.
- Sixteen percent of these deaths were truck occupants,
- 67 percent were passenger vehicle occupants and
- 15 percent were pedestrians, bicyclists, or motorcyclists.
In fatal two-vehicle crashes involving a passenger vehicle and a large truck,
Is driver fatigue a factor in truck crashes?
- 97 percent of the deaths were occupants of the passenger vehicles.
- Large trucks were involved in 11 percent of all motor vehicle crash deaths and
- 23 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes.
- Institute research found that truck drivers behind the wheel for more than eight hours are twice as likely to crash.
- Truckers' long work hours cause sleep deprivation, disruption of normal sleep/rest cycles and fatigue.
Institute researchers found that truck drivers reporting hours-of-service violations are more likely to report having fallen asleep behind the wheel during the past month. Another study based on a national sample of large truck crashes found that a truck driver's hours-of-service violations and logbook violations resulting in the driver being placed out of service increased the likelihood that the truck driver would be determined to have precipitated the crash. The proportion of large truck crashes for which fatigue is a contributing factor is uncertain. 1. Source: http://www.iihs.org/iihs/topics/t/large-trucks/qanda#cite-text-0-6
What are some of the most common causes of truck accidents?
- Drowsy driving;
- Speeding and other forms of aggressive driving;
- Trucking companies that do not perform sufficient background checks; and
- Limited safety technologies.
Key statistics surrounding fatal truck accidents as reported by the FMCSA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA):
- In 2012, NHTSA identified 3,921 truck accident fatalities.
- That same year, 104,000 people sustained serious injuries from trucking collisions.
- The total number of fatal accidents rose by 18 percent between 2009 and 2012.
- Following inspections in 2012, nearly 5 percent of truck drivers were taken off the road because they had too many driving violations (for a total of 171,150 drivers).
- After vehicle inspections that year, more than 20 percent of long-haul trucks were taken off the road because they had too many mechanical and/or safety violations (for a total of 2,145,733 trucks).
Approximately 10% of people injured in a large truck crash are killed. Large trucks are also more likely to be involved in multiple-vehicle crashes than are passenger cars. Possible causes of accidents specifically related to Trucking:
- Truck equipment, (brakes, signals, etc) are not properly maintained.
- Driver fatigue - The driver exceeds the legal amount of time allotted per shift. (Federal and state regulations govern the safety of the trucks’ equipmentand the drivers’ hours.)
- Driver negligence: speeding, improper lane changes, and failure to see the cars around them when making turns.
- Improper loading of Cargo
- From this source: http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811868.pdf